Is That Ute or Dual Cab Exempt from FBT?

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The ATO in Sydney has recently unveiled its intensified focus on scrutinising work-related expenses, specifically targeting motor vehicle deductions. It highlights the importance of accountants in Sydney in ensuring compliance with tax regulations.

This crackdown will also extend to employers who provide motor vehicles to employees and are subject to Fringe Benefits Tax (FBT) on those vehicles, specifically regarding the private use of these business vehicles.

There has been a considerable increase in dual cab ute and 4-wheel drive sales over the past few years. This is partly due to the mistaken belief that these vehicles are eligible, fully tax-deductible, and/or exempt from FBT.

As part of the ATO crackdown on private use of work-related motor vehicles and business vehicles, the ATO has reverted to a principals-based approach (i.e. usage) for the private use exemption criteria for eligible vehicles.

  • Taxis, panel vans, and single cab utes: qualify for the work-related use exemption
  • Dual cab utes & 4-wheel drives (other than utes or dual cabs): only qualify for the work-related use exemption if they are designed to carry a lead of one tonne or more or are not designed for the principal purpose of carrying passengers.

The work-related use exemption allows a vehicle to be deemed 100% work-related for an eligible vehicle with minimal private use (per ATO guidelines summarised below).

The ATO released MT 2024 in September 1986 summarised what dual cab vehicles would qualify for the work-related use exemption (i.e. designed to carry a load of one tonne or more or not designed for the principal purpose of carrying passengers). However, many taxpayers (and motor vehicle sales representatives) assume their dual cab ute or 4-wheel drives qualify for the work-related use exemption and are fully deductible and/or exempt from the private use rules.

So how are the load capacity and passenger carrying capacity of eligible vehicles determined?

Load Capacity

The load capacity is the gross vehicle weight (including the maximum load) less the kerb weight (unladen but including a full tank of fuel and installed options including spare wheel, tyre jack etc.).

Passenger carrying capacity

The passenger carrying capacity is the designed seating capacity multiplied by 68kg.

Suppose the total passenger weight exceeds the remaining load capacity. In that case, the vehicle is taken to be designed for the principal purpose of carrying passengers and will not be an eligible vehicle for the work-related use exemption.


  • If the gross vehicle weight is 2,000kg, the kerb weight is 1400kg, and the seating capacity is 5.
  • Then the load capacity is 600kg (gross vehicle weight of 2,000kg less the kerb weight of 1,400kg), but the majority of 340kg of the load is passengers (5 x 68kg)
  • Therefore, the vehicle is designed for the principal purpose of carrying passengers and will not be an eligible vehicle for the work-related use exemption.

MT 2024 was released in September 1986, and the ATO possibly felt that taxpayers believed that it was no longer relevant, so in December 2017, the ATO released Practical Compliance Guide PCG 2017/D14, which has now been released in final form on 11 July 2018 as PCG 2018/3.

This Practical Compliance Guide clarifies the ATO practise of determining what vehicles qualify for the work-related use exemption.

Under the FBT Act, a car benefit is subject to FBT. Still, an eligible vehicle is exempt from FBT, where private use is limited to work-related travel (which for an eligible vehicle can include home-to-work travel). Other private use is minor, infrequent and irregular.

The ATO has stated in PCG 2018/3 that to reduce compliance costs and to provide certainty, they will not apply compliance resources to determine the private use of vehicles if employers comply with their guidelines in PCG 2018/3:

  • Eligible vehicle
  • Value less than the luxury car tax threshold
  • Not included in a salary packaging arrangement
  • A policy in place to limit the private use
  • Employees travel from home to work, and diversions add no more than 2km
  • Private use is no more than 1,000km in total p.a. and no more than 200km per journey.

Whilst the ATO state that these guidelines are to help reduce compliance costs, how are businesses supposed to know that the diversions add no more than 2km and private use are no more than 1,000 km in total p.a. and no more than 200km per journey without having to keep compliance records and declarations from employees?

It is now evident that not all dual cab utes or 4-wheel drives qualify as eligible vehicles. Instead, the private use rules for cars will apply to these vehicles. Care is needed in this area, and, as always, contact us if you have any queries.

Kreston Stanley Williamson

*Correct as of October 2018

Disclaimer – Kreston Stanley Williamson has produced this article to serve its clients and associates. The information contained in the article is of general comment only and is not intended to be advice on any particular matter. Before acting on any areas in this article, you must seek advice about your circumstances. Liability is limited by a scheme approved under professional standards legislation.

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